From choosing a BTO unit to purchasing a flat in the resale market. Here’s how you can own your own HDB flat if you’re 35, single, and Singaporean.
What is HDB?
A statutory board under the Ministry of National Development (MND), the Housing & Development Board (HDB) is Singapore’s housing authority responsible for planning and developing affordable public housing for Singaporeans. Formed on 1 February 1960, HDB has since built over 1 million homes, which houses 80% of the nation’s population.
The HDB currently offers Singaporeans three 99-year lease housing options, namely Build-To-Order (BTO), Design, Build and Sell Scheme (DBSS) and Executive Condominiums (EC) to suit different housing needs and budgets.
HDB announced a raft of new measures in September to help first-time owners buy new and resale flats. Since 11 September 2019, the following measures have been taken into effect:
- Higher income ceilings for both families and singles to qualify for HDB housing grants.
- A new Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG) will replace the existing Additional and Special CPF Housing Grants (AHG and SHG).
- Eligible first-timers can benefit from the EHG when buying new or resale flats, regardless of flat type and location.
Let’s break down what these new measures mean.
Higher income ceilings for families and singles
The monthly household-income ceiling for eligible first-time HDB flat buyers who are singles aged 35 and older will be raised from $6,000 to $7,000. Eligible singles may choose to buy new two-room flexi flats or resale flats (of up to 5 rooms) with the CPF Housing Grant for Singles on the open market.
That’s good news if you’re currently single and your next milestone is to get your own HDB flat. You can finally avoid the pointed questions from your parents. Or, you can get bumped up another rung on the #adulting ladder.
HDB will also raise the monthly household-income ceiling for first-time families getting their new or resale HDB flats from $12,000 to $14,000.
What is the new Enhanced Housing Grant?
The new Enhanced Housing Grant (EHG) will replace two previous schemes, the Additional CPF Housing Grant and Special CPF Housing Grant. The EHG grant amount will be pegged to your income bracket. The less you earn, the higher the grant. Grant amounts for singles buying new flats for the first time will be up to $40,000 (eligible household income ceiling raised to $4,500) and up to $80,000 for singles/first-time families buying resale flats (eligible household income ceiling raised to $9,000).
Here’s what that looks like, broken down by household income, in an infographic by Channel News Asia.
What is the Enhanced Housing Grant lease coverage?
To be eligible for the Enhanced CPF Housing Grant, applicants or their spouses must have been employed continuously for at least 12 months, as with other HDB schemes including the Special CPF Housing Grant.
They must also buy flats that they can call home until age 95 (based on HDB’s maximum 99-year-old lease). Those whose flats fail to meet this condition will have their subsidies prorated based on the extent that the flat’s remaining lease can cover them until that age.
Here’s how that works:
What are the HDB Eligibility Requirements for singles?
First things first, HDB flats are only available to Singaporeans or Permanent Residents (PRs). You have to be at least 35 years old to apply as an unmarried or divorced individual. The only exception is if you are an orphan with no siblings; you may apply for your own flat upon turning 21 under the Orphan’s Scheme.
Unrelated singles who are 35 years or older can also jointly apply for an HDB flat – up to 4 such individuals can co-own a flat this way under the Joint Singles Scheme.
The only other eligibility requirement is the EIP and SPR quota (used to encourage and maintain social cohesiveness). However, this is more likely to impact your flat’s location, rather than act as a hurdle against your eligibility to apply for one.
What HDB flats can singles buy?
As a single buyer, you have 2 choices when it comes to HDB apartments – a 2-room BTO HDB flexi flat, or a resale HDB flat. The table below presents a quick summary of the pros and cons of both options.
|Which HDB Flat Should Singles Get?|
|2-Room BTO HDB Flexi Flat|
|Resale HDB Flat|
(approx $75,000 to $158,000)
(approx $250,000 to $343,000 for a 3-room flat)
|Longer waiting time|
(average 3 to 4 years)
|Shorter waiting time|
(You can complete your purchase in as little as 6 months)
|Restricted to 2-room units (35 sqm to 45 sqm)||No restrictions in flat type, starting from 3-room flats (65 sqm and up)|
|Lower availability||Higher availability|
|Brand-new apartment||Pre-owned apartment|
|Full 99-year lease||Shorter lease period remaining|
|Cannot sub-let||Can sub-let|
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BTO 2-Room flats are more affordable, but restricted in size
The biggest advantage of getting a BTO flat is a financial one – BTOs are priced significantly cheaper than those on the resale market. However, unmarried individuals are restricted to 2-room* Flexi units only, even if there are multiple co-applicants.
With 1 bedroom and 1 living room, the total floor space of such units range from 36 sqm to 45 sqm.
Clearly, a 2-room flat is small, but if you apply for one under the BTO scheme, you’ll be getting a brand-new apartment that you can renovate to suit your needs. For example, the current 36 square meter model has a sliding partition in lieu of a solid wall, allowing you to realise an open floor plan apartment.
The February 2020 HDB BTO exercise saw 3,553 applicants 2 room Flexi units (3.5 applicants per unit), and 20,252 applicants for 3 room and bigger units (9.7 applicants per unit).
But beware the waiting time. Even if you’re lucky enough to be successful in your HDB BTO ballot, you’ll still need to wait around 3 to 4 years for your flat to be built before you can move in.
Pro-tip: When referring to HDB flats, always subtract ‘1’ from the name to determine how many bedrooms you’ll be getting. So a 3-room flat means 2 bedrooms + 1 living room, 4-room means 3 bedrooms + 1 living room, etc.
Resale flats cost far more but are available immediately
If balloting (and waiting) for a HDB BTO 2-room unit doesn’t appeal to you, you can try looking for a suitable apartment on the resale market. Singles—whether individually or jointly—can purchase any type of HDB resale they desire, provided they can afford it.
The main disadvantage of buying a resale flat is the cost. At present, and reasonably for the next 30 years or so, the smallest resale HDB you can probably buy is a 3-room unit. (HDB flats have a minimum occupancy period of 5 years, and with current supply not yet meeting demand, it is unlikely you’ll find any 2-room units on the resale market anytime soon.)
The prices of HDB resale flats have been steadily coming down, thanks to government cooling measures. This has helped put resale flats within reach of most single buyers. However, you should still expect to pay around S$250,000 to $369,000 for a 3-room HDB resale unit.
If your resale flat has less than 60 years remaining on its lease, you’ll be limited in how long you can use your CPF to pay for your mortgage. The latest update in May 2019 also stipulates that the amount of CPF you can use to pay for your home is pro-rated based on whether or not the remaining lease can cover the youngest homeowner till age 95.
This means that as your mortgage matures, you’ll have to pay more cash out of your pocket. Do bear this in mind when planning your finances.
The latest update in May 2019 also stipulates that CPF can only be used to finance your property if its remaining lease can cover the youngest buyer till age 95. If this criteria is not met, the use of CPF will be pro-rated.
This means the lease should ideally cover the youngest buyer until age 95. A buyer can then use CPF to pay for a property up to its valuation limit if the criteria is met. If not, the use of CPF will be pro-rated. No CPF can be used if the remaining lease is less than 20 years
After you’ve located and purchased your own HDB resale flat, you’ll most likely have to/want to carry out some major renovation work. Anecdotal evidence suggests that you should budget S$30,000 for a 3-room flat, $40,000 for a 4-room flat, and $50,000 for a 5-room flat for renovation.
As a single homeowner, you’ll undoubtedly find a resale flat more expensive to own. However, a resale unit offers you one financial advantage that a 2-room BTO does not.
If you don’t need the extra rooms, you can rent them out to generate some additional income. Granted, there are pros and cons to sharing your home with renters but don’t underestimate the financial possibilities that leasing can open up.
To sum it up…
Owning your own place in Singapore is a big decision due to the amount of financing it involves. Whether you get a flat at 35 through the Singles Scheme or the Joint Singles Scheme, it is important to check the criteria for eligibility in each scheme.
By being informed of these grants and loans that you can apply for, you may find ways to cushion the costs of purchasing your own home – allowing you to fully relish the freedom that comes with being a homeowner.
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Read these next:
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How To Buy A House in Singapore: A Complete Guide
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