From your gold wedding bands to gold ETFs, there are many ways for you to hedge against market volatility and inflation. Here are the investment basics worth their weight in gold.
By now, we’re all accustomed to expecting the unexpected in 2020, whether it’s about the latest updates with regards to COVID-19, the worsening of bilateral ties between China and USA, or yet another company shuttering its stores.
On the contrary, amidst all the market uncertainty, gold prices have surged over the past few months. In August 2020, the price of gold topped US$2,000 an ounce, steamrolling the record $1,921 set in 2011.
Reasons why people invest in gold
Gold as a safe haven: A precious metal, gold has been around for centuries, preserving its value over the years and proving to be a good hedge against inflation. It is known to be a safe haven investors fall back on in times of market volatility, as gold can hold its monetary value.
Gold is a tangible asset: Much like cash and property, gold is an item you can see, feel and touch. This makes it an asset you can possess physically, giving it a perception of safety unlike other investment assets such as stocks, bonds or cryptocurrencies.
Diversification of your portfolio: Diversification is one way you can reduce the risk you take in your portfolio. This is done by spreading your investments across asset classes, geographies and industries so that when one industry or asset class takes a hit, your entire portfolio won’t go under.
Adding gold to your portfolio is one way to increase diversification, especially as gold has shown to have low correlation to major asset classes.
Globally accepted and recognised: Gold is a precious metal that is recognised and valued all across the world. Be it a jewellery seller in Singapore, South Korea, or the USA, you will be able to sell your gold.
Visual appeal: Some people might purchase gold not just for investment reasons, but also because gold items can look beautiful, classy and elegant. This could be gold items such as your wedding bands, necklace, earrings and bangles.
Ways you can invest in gold
An investment type you can wear.
Gold wedding bands, gold earrings, gold bangles, gold anklets and gold necklaces are all gold jewellery items commonly found in households. These gold jewellery items are practical to keep compared to other jewellery counterparts such as diamonds, as gold is able to preserve the value over time even if the trendy designs of today become outdated in the future. This is because the value of gold lies in its weight and purity.
The best part about purchasing gold jewellery is that they can be worn as an accessory. Even if you choose not to sell your gold jewellery in the future, you can still find purpose with your gold jewellery, wearing it out on special occasions, or even keeping it as a hand-me-down for your children.
Gold jewellery is also easy to purchase. You can head into any jewellery shop or even pawn shops to purchase off the counter.
|Easy to buy from jewellery shops and pawn shops||Takes up physical space|
|Has a purpose beyond investments — can be used as an accessory||Has sentimental value, potentially making it harder for yourself to sell in the future|
#2 Physical gold
Gold is money.
You can buy physical gold such as gold bars and gold bullion coins from gold retailers based on the current rates. For example, if you were to buy one kilobar of gold bar today, that would be $85,000 sitting in your closet at home.
These gold bars or gold bullion coins can be purchased online or in person. For example, existing UOB customers can buy gold items online and collect them in person at UOB’s Main Branch. You can even use your CPF funds to purchase gold under the CPF Investment Scheme.
While it might be nice to keep bars of gold at home as your safety stash, physical gold not only takes up space, but also requires additional logistics to store and keep secure. This could mean spending on a safe deposit box at the bank, rather than keeping the valuable gold item at home.
|Be a proud owner of a gold bar||Takes up physical space|
|Sense of security when you’re able to see, feel and touch the gold||Costs to keep the gold safe and secure, such as using a safe deposit box|
#3 Gold Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)
Instead of purchasing physical gold, you can invest in gold by purchasing an ETF that owns, holds and derives its value from holding the physical gold. This way, you can get exposure to the gold market in a cost-efficient way, without actually having to own the precious metal.
ETFs have shown to be a popular investment vehicle, with the SPDR Gold Shares ETF leading the charge. It clocked the highest average monthly turnover value amongst all the ETFs listed on the SGX in H1 2020, highlighting the shift in investor interest into gold this year.
Gold ETFs trade on stock exchanges, making it highly liquid and accessible to all investors. Using the aforementioned SPDR Gold Shares ETF as an example, it is the largest physically backed gold ETF with more than US$70 billion worth of assets. It holds gold bars with the aim of tracking the performance of gold bullion.
There are also ETFs such as the iShares MSCI Global Gold Miners ETF and VanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETF that track gold mining companies.
|Highly liquid, can be bought and sold on the stock market||Fees involved when purchasing ETFs, such as the expense ratio as well as commissions when buying or selling|
|Get gold exposure without having to own the gold||Smaller, lesser known ETFs could be illiquid, making it difficult to sell|
|Low cost method to start investing in gold, without having to select a gold stock or build your own gold portfolio|
#4 Gold stocks
Other than purchasing an ETF, you can also consider picking individual stocks tied to businesses in the gold mining industry.
Stocks in the gold mining industry are companies that extract the yellow metal from their mines. Examples of such stocks include Newmont Corporation and Barrick Gold Corporation. Newmont Corporation is the world’s leading gold company that actively operates mines in nine countries. It is also the only gold producer listed in the S&P 500 Index. In the first six months of 2020, Newmont’s stock price rose 42%.
The best part about purchasing gold-related stocks is that you can make intraday trades, much like purchasing an ETF or other types of stocks in the market. Investors that prefer to invest for dividends can also consider gold stocks instead of physical gold.
|Highly liquid, can be bought and sold on the stock market||Subject to market volatility|
|Some gold companies give out dividends to investors||Less diversified than an ETF|
#5 Gold certificate
Physical gold can take up space. If storing your gold is a concern, you can consider a gold certificate instead. Gold certificates can be exchanged for cash or physical gold. They can also be held by two holders.
For example, UOB has gold certificates which are sold in kilocerts (priced the same way as gold bars) and up to a maximum of 30 kilobars per certificate. They also have no expiry date, so you won’t be forced to liquidate your gold certificate. However, these gold certificates come with a fee. UOB charges a flat $5 per certificate as well as a service charge of $72 per kilobar per annum, subject to GST.
|Does not take up physical space||Incur a service charge and fee|
|Akin to buying a gold bar||Must keep the gold certificate safe as it is possible to lose, misplace or have your gold certificate stolen, although a new certificate may be issued|
#6 Gold savings account
When it comes to savings accounts, the usual names like DBS Multiplier, OCBC 360 and UOB One come to mind. But did you know that UOB offers a unique product — a gold savings account?
This gold savings account allows you to buy and sell gold without having to physically purchase the gold. Your gold holdings are recorded in grams and the minimum quantity per transaction is five grams of gold.
|Does not take up physical space, while still allowing you to buy and sell gold||Incur a monthly service charge of 0.25% p.a., subject to a monthly minimum charge of 0.12 grams of gold — potentially a hefty fee to pay if you only plan to buy a small quantity of gold.|
|Can purchase gold using CPF funds||A minimum quantity per transaction of 5 grams of gold required|
|Must have minimum balance of 5 grams of gold in your gold savings account|
Besides the ways listed above, there are also other gold-related products such as Gold Linked Notes (GLNs) offered by DBS, as well as gold trading apps such as Troy Gold and Everest Gold. They allow you to trade gold with little capital required.
Before jumping on the bandwagon, be sure to assess your own portfolio, current market conditions as well as your risk appetite before making your investment decision.
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By Ching Sue Mae
A flat white, an adventure-filled travel and a good workout is her fuel. This Manchester United fan enjoys sharing knowledge on personal finance while chasing the dream of financial independence.