The Price of Buying A Second-Hand Car — What You Need To Know About COE And Insurance

Alevin Chan

Alevin Chan

Last updated 11 April, 2024

The price of second-hand cars in Singapore is attractive in light of the high COE costs for new cars. Here’s what you need to know about COE and insurance when buying a used car.  

Between record-high COEs and a surge in petrol costs, owning a car in Singapore will get even more expensive for quite some time to come. This is undoubtedly unwelcome for those who find themselves requiring a car, or who are looking to replace an ageing one.

While nothing beats the feeling of driving off in a brand new car (and that addictive new car smell), choosing a second-hand car instead will prove to be a more financially prudent choice, given the current circumstances. 

Here’s our guide to buying a second-hand car in Singapore, with a focus on how to manage the finances involved.

Pros and cons of buying a second-hand car

Pros Cons
Lower upfront cost and instalment payments May have higher maintenance cost 
Less depreciation Loan interest rates may be higher
High-end models are more affordable  

Pros of buying a second-hand car

The prime reason for most drivers to choose a pre-used car would undoubtedly be the significant savings to be had. For example, consider the following:

(Brand new) Suzuki Swift Mild Hybrid 1.2A S$114,900*
(Reg date: Sep 2020) Suzuki Swift Mild Hybrid 1.2A  S$86,800^
Difference S$28,100 

Source: *SGCarMart, ^SGCarMart

In this example, the newly launched Suzuki Swift Mild Hybrid costs nearly S$115,000 brand new. However, a similar model with eight years left in its COE will cost less than S$90,000. By opting for a car that is just two years old, you can save S$28,100, or 24.45% of the original price. 

Of course, a lot of that comes about because of depreciation. Using our example again, you can see the depreciation of the brand new Suzuki Swift is S$14,050 per year, or S$38.50 per day.

But what’s interesting is that the depreciation rate of brand new cars tends to be the most severe during the initial two years. Sure enough, when we look at the pre-used Suzuki Swift, its depreciation rate is listed at S$9,730 per year.

Hence, another major advantage of buying a second-hand car is that you can avoid high rates of depreciation.

The significant savings to be found by opting for pre-used cars extends to high-end and luxury car models too. This can make cars that are too expensive when brand new, a good bit more affordable in the second-hand market, making it easier for you to fulfil your dream of owning a flashy model.

Cons of buying a second-hand car

While purchasing a used vehicle can be a cost-effective option, it isn’t without its disadvantages.

One potential drawback of purchasing a pre-owned vehicle is the possibility of higher interest rates on your car loan. This factor depends on the financial institution you choose, which is why it's essential to compare rates among several providers to secure the most favourable terms.

Another concern is the car's existing wear and tear, which may lead to higher maintenance and repair costs. As a vehicle ages and accumulates more mileage, issues become more likely. Older models may also face challenges in finding readily available spare parts, leading to delays and extended downtime.

While these concerns may not always reflect reality, mitigating potential risks is beneficial. Investing in a robust car insurance plan can provide protection against unforeseen expenses. Policies that do not restrict your choice of workshops can be particularly beneficial in this regard.

Considering the potential drawbacks, it's a wise decision to explore your car insurance options.  Compare the best car insurance plans available to find comprehensive coverage that suits your needs and provides peace of mind when purchasing a used vehicle.

 

Score up to S$300 cashbackS$280 petrol vouchers or up to 23% in discounts on your car insurance premiums when you purchase it via SingSaver.

Plus, get a chance to win S$2,500 worth of petrol vouchers. Promotion ends on June 30 2024. T&Cs apply.

 

 

COE when buying a second-hand car

Of course, you’ll need a Certificate of Entitlement (COE) in order to own a car in Singapore. COE has a maximum validity of 10 years, so how will this be handled when buying a second-hand car?

Basically there are two scenarios that can come up, as follows:

Age of car COE
Less than 10 years Buyer takes over remaining COE. Buyer will also inherit any rebates attached to the vehicle
10 years or older Buyer needs to renew the COE for the vehicle. COE may be renewed in 5- or 10-year blocks

If car is less than 10 years old

If the car you are buying is less than 10 years old, you will inherit the remaining lease on the COE. Hence, there’s no need for you to bid for a new COE, and you simply need to acknowledge the transfer of ownership when appropriate. 

You will also inherit any rebates your second-hand car may still be entitled to. These include rebates for the Preferential Additional Registration Fee (PARF) and/or those given under the Off-Peak Car scheme. Additionally, any paid-up road tax from the previous owner will also be credited to you.

The PARF rebate is only credited when you deregister your vehicle. For reference, here is the schedule of PARF rebates you can expect. 

Source: OneMotoring

If the car is 10 years or older

If the pre-used car you have set your sights on has a registration date that is close to 10 years, you’ll need to renew the COE to continue your ownership of the car. 

Failing to renew the COE before it expires will result in the vehicle being deregistered and scrapped, so if the COE is expiring soon, it’s a good idea to act sooner rather than later. There is a grace period of one month after the expiry date, but at this point, you’ll be charged a late renewal fee.

COEs may be renewed for five or 10 years. A five-year renewal may be performed only once. After the five years have passed, your car will need to be deregistered and scrapped. There are no corresponding restrictions for 10-year renewals; you may do so as many times as you like. 

How much do you need to pay when renewing COE?

COE renewal duration Amount
5 years 50% of PQP
10 years 100% of PQP

Oh joy, another obscure acronym to learn about!

As per the table, the amount you have to pay when renewing your COE depends on the duration of the renewal. For a 5-year renewal, you’ll need to pay 50% of the PQP, whereas a 10-year renewal will incur the full PQP amount. 

So what is PQP? That stands for Prevailing Quota Premium, which is simply the moving average of the COE prices for your vehicle’s category in the last three months. As such, the PQP varies monthly, as it is influenced by the movements in COE prices.

You can quickly check the current PQP here.

Insurance for second-hand cars

All drivers in Singapore are required to be covered by an adequate motor insurance policy. This is also required before your road tax may be renewed, and as such, the policy should cover the entire road tax renewal period. 

In order to be considered valid, a motor insurance policy must provide at a minimum third-party liability cover for deaths and bodily injury. This is so that any victims of traffic accidents can be covered by insurance. 

There are no specific insurance policies specially catered for second-hand cars, so you can take your pick from any motor insurance policy licensed for sale in Singapore.

Having said that, it’s important to consider the following when picking a motor insurance plan to go with your second-hand car.

  • While third party liability for death and bodily injury is a core requirement, this benefit does not apply to your and your passengers - only the victims. Hence, it is a good idea to also have personal accident and/or hospitalisation and medical coverage for you and those who may ride in your car.
  • Spare parts for older vehicles may only be available at specific workshops. To ensure all your repairs are covered, it may be worthwhile going with a plan that allows you to use a workshop of your choice, even if these plans usually cost more. 
  • A second-hand car will likely not qualify for any new-for-old benefits, so don’t bother paying for any such add-ons. This benefit provides a brand new replacement in the case of total loss, but is usually only applicable to cars not older than 12 months.

Conclusion

The prices of second-hand cars in Singapore make buying a used vehicle an attractive option. Owning a pre-owned car can provide significant cost savings upfront and avoid the steepest depreciation rates experienced in the first few years.

However, potential drawbacks include higher maintenance costs, a limited choice of workshops for repairs, and possibly higher loan interest rates. Ultimately, a balanced assessment considering one's budget and requirements is advisable when deciding between a new or used car purchase.

 

Score up to S$300 cashbackS$280 petrol vouchers or up to 23% in discounts on your car insurance premiums when you purchase it via SingSaver.

Plus, get a chance to win S$2,500 worth of petrol vouchers. Promotion ends on June 30 2024. T&Cs apply.

 

 

Read these next:
5 Best Used Car Models and Brands to Buy in 2021
New Year, New Car: 7 Cheapest New Cars Under S$100,000 You Can Buy in Singapore 2022
7 Factors to Consider Before Buying a Car in Singapore
Why Cars in Singapore Have Been Getting More Expensive (and Some Car Loans to Consider)
5 Tips To Save Big On Your Next Car Purchase

 

 

An ex-Financial Planner with a curiosity about what makes people tick, Alevin’s mission is to help readers understand the psychology of money. He’s also on an ongoing quest to optimise happiness and enjoyment in his life.

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